Given the high cost and slow pace of grid expansion to rural areas, decentralised options are often the cheapest and fastest way to extend sustainable energy access to these parts. Solar PV systems are the cheapest source of electricity for over one-third of Africa’s population – a figure that is rapidly increasing with falling solar prices.
In November the Energy Africa campaign was launched by DfID, aiming to accelerate access to electricity in sub-Saharan Africa through solar household solutions. This campaign is focussed on supporting the growth of off-grid solar markets in sub-Saharan Africa. The work which underlies the campaign, prepared jointly by ODI, Global Off-Grid Lighting Association (GOGLA), Practical Action and SolarAid, presents evidence of the impact of solar household systems, reviews the market in the region and 13 selected countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and identifies the key policy measures to enable accelerated electricity access through solar household solutions.
The report looks at:
- The impacts of access to off-grid solar household energy
- The market for household off-grid solar solutions in Africa
- Policies needed to accelerate growth of off-grid solar markets
- Briefings on off-grid solar in Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Policies to accelerate energy access through solar home systems
A rapid expansion of the market for solar household systems will require appropriate policy and regulatory frameworks in sub-Saharan African countries. The report's consultation with stakeholders in the market and with policy makers, combined with analysis from other studies, identified nine key measures to create a supportive policy environment for solar household solutions. These are:
Key publications from the report series are available below. To access the full report and 13 country case studies, visit the Off-Grid Solar report page of ODI.