PPEO 2018 summary report - Achieving Inclusive Energy Access at Scale

Briefing paper summarising key findings and recommendations from the Poor People's Energy Outlook (PPEO) 2018 report. In this edition of the PPEO, we explore...


Renewable Energy Enables Climate Change Adaptation for Smallholders

This policy brief supports Practical Action's 'Planting for Progress' campaign, which focusses on our work with smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. Despite...


Why Technology Justice is Critical for the Climate Negotiations: delivering on loss and damage

In Paris in December 2015, national governments as parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will meet to negotiate a new...


Equity and justice must be at the heart of the rules and regulations of the Paris Agreement. The Paris Rule Book must ensure that the agreement helps deliver climate action for the poorest and most vulnerable - those least responsible for the problem in the first place. This can only be done through strong accountability and transparency.

COP24 Katowice 2-14 December


Transformational technology

Technologies are crucial for helping people to respond and adapt to the impacts of climate change, as well as for tackling greenhouse gas emissions. Technologies promoted and supported by the UN and national governments should focus on the needs of the most climate-vulnerable people. Smart technology choices can also have wider development impacts e.g. clean energy access, safe water, nutritious food, etc.

People read a weather information board in NepalCOP24 must deliver a Technology Framework which ensures the focus of technology development and transfer is to the most climate vulnerable populations, achieves a balance in addressing adaptation and mitigation technology support, and builds in the means to ensure that technologies are environmentally and socially sound. To do this, there needs to be enhanced support for scaling up access to existing and proven technologies, and not just new and emerging technologies, which often catch the eye of investors and ministers, despite their often limited impacts on the poorest and most vulnerable people. Intergovernmental support should focus not on the technologies which are already market-viable. Instead they should focus support on adaptation technologies which will deliver the greatest social impact, but which currently struggle to produce market-leading returns on investment.


Loss and Damage

We need technologies to reduce the Losses and Damages caused by climate change where action is already too late; and to help the people least responsible for climate change to transform their livelihoods when impacts are irreversible and beyond adaptation. Loss and Damage must be treated as a separate, complementary component to adaptation and mitigation efforts.

People stranded during floods in BangladeshInsurance is currently the only significant source of finance committed to Loss and Damage, but insurance only pays for direct losses, and requires those least responsible for the problem to pay for the “solution” in the form of premiums for insurance coverage. The implementation of the Paris agreement must offer affected people the finance, technology, and capacity to give them a viable future. To this end, the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance is working to increase social, political and financial investment in community-based flood resilience-building through public, private and third sector partnerships.


Gender equality and climate change

Gender inequalities are exacerbated by climate change. Women are hit the hardest by the impacts of climate change due to societal gender inequalities related to their household and work roles, access to technologies, and greater reliance on natural capital for their livelihoods. This is brought into stark reality by pioneering new research from Practical Action Consulting on the gendered differences in impacts from flooding in South Asia and Latin America.

Woman selling gas for a low-smoke stove in Sudan But women can also be the most effective agents of change. Our work in Sudan with low-carbon cooking technologies has been highlighted as one of the groundbreaking Gender-Just Climate Solutions. Empowering women to lead the way in retailing improve cooking technologies has led to significant uptake of low-smoke stoves, while also reducing the deforestation from firewood collection which has damaged communities and their natural capital.




Community engagement for effective climate action

Deep community engagement not only helps identify the key issues for the people most impacted by climate change, but also helps to ensure that they can help develop, and ultimately buy into, whatever strategy and technologies are chosen to address climate impacts in their communities. In Nepal, Practical Action have worked with the national government to formulate their new National Adaptation Plan (NAP). This has included not only highlighting the range of low-cost, high impact technologies we have pioneered in Nepal, but also to focus on strong engagement with the communities hit hardest climate change impacts, and ensuring their needs, ideas, and rights are prioritised in the NAP process.


Side Events at COP24

Climate Friendly Technologies: Improving adaptive capacity of women and building Resilience Development & Climate Days - How can shared learning processes on local climate action effectively influence policy and decision-making? Unravelling the mystery of green & universal energy access Renewable Energy Enables Climate Change Adaptation for Smallholder Farmers
Room Narew Hotel Diament Arsenal Palace, Paderewskiego 35, 41-500 Chorzów. WWF Pavilion (Zone E) SDG Pavilion (Zone H)
Monday 3rd, 15:00-16:30 Sunday 9th, 11:30-13:00 Friday 14th, 10:00-11:30 Friday 14th, 12:00-13:00
Will highlight the relevance of community-centric, climate-friendly technologies for energy, cooking, and water access. These are technologies which address women's practical needs, to reduce drudgery, improve health, save time and money; but which are also climate responsive. This event, led by IIED, will feature Practical Action's support to the Government of Nepal in engaging community groups in the formulation of the country's new National Adaptation Plan. It aims to explore how those working on or supporting local climate action could better target their efforts to create the enabling environment at national and international scales. Designing national integrated energy access planning based on the Least Cost of Electricity solution (including off-grid, mini-grids, and grid extension) is vital for ensuring that growth in emerging and developing economies is driven by a low-carbon and people-centred approach; representing a faster, cleaner and a lower-cost solution than through grid extension. Exploring the ways in which renewable energy technologies can support effective adaptation measures in drought-affected areas of southern Africa. Includes a focus on Practical Action's "Planting for Progress" project in Zimbabwe and Malawi

COP24 People

Colin McQuistan
Senior Policy and Practice Adviser, DRR and Climate Change

Afsari Begum
Agriculture Programme Manager, Bangladesh

Sunil Acharya
DRR and Adaptation Manager, Nepal

Jonny Casey
Policy and Practice Adviser, Climate Change and Technology

Carlos Sordo
Energy Access Partnerships and Innovation Manager

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