Disaster Risk Reduction

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Intermediate climate information systems for early warning systems

New communication technologies, free software and hardware to improve Early Warning Systems for floods and landslides, using a participatory approach in coordination with the authorities. That is to say, under an intermediate or appropriate technology approach. This document shows the pilot experience carried out by Practical Action in partnership with the population, the municipality of...

Aréstegui, Miguel, Published by Practical Action 2018

The role of riparian ecosystems in flood control

Riparian ecosystems are often exposed to degradation caused by deforestation and farming activities, which can increase the risk of flooding. However, there are techniques for recovering and promoting the development of these ecosystems to reduce the risk of flooding, in addition to “grey infrastructure”.

Zapata, Felix, Published by Practical Action, Latin America 2018

Nepal flood 2017: Wake up call for effective preparedness and response

Flooding is not new to the Terai districts of Nepal. Every year, the monsoon floods have caused significant damage and loss to human lives and livelihoods within these southern flood plains. Yet each time the rescue and relief operations seem slow and insufficient and the government comes under fire for not responding quickly enough. A critical review – that is, reflecting and building on...

Bhandari, D; da4dab10-e6b8-4069-9b03-1c99a0491a4c; Khadka, P; eb81cb8d-41cf-4404-8fef-e2b6b38e692e; Pokharel, L; 5ee909ad-906a-46bb-be6e-a7228e93bfbf; Kumal, B; be3d0512-17cb-4a55-9352-dda98eb57ad3; Ghimire, G; 4d86016e-f36e-4537-9850-2bc610829236; Uprety, M; 63c0fa, Published by Practical Action, South Asia 2018

Exploring opportunities for a transborder flood early warning system in Mahakali River between Nepal and India

This poster, presented at the 2018 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, gives details about the potential for a flood early warning system that spans the Nepal-India border. The Mahakali River is one of the major tributaries of the Ganga river, and flows across the Nepal-India border. Floods on these rivers affect millions of people, and a transboundary warning system has the...

Gurung, Gehendra, Published by Practical Action, South Asia 2018

Improving Flood Early Warning Lead Time in Nepal

Flood early warning systems based on real-time monitoring of water levels leave
communities with little time to respond to flood warnings. A new approach introduces probabilistic forecasting, providing information about the likelihood of
flooding and resulting in an additional five hours of early warning. This increased lead time means that families gain crucial hours to get

...

Brown, Sarah; Dugar, Sumit, Published by Practical Action, United Kingdom 2018

Dynamic Flood Topographies in the Terai, Nepal: Community Perceptions and Resilience (DISTAL)

Practical Action Consulting has been working with an interdisciplinary team from the University of Edinburgh, conducting innovative research to enhance understanding of the flood risk posed to communities in the Karnali river basin in Western Nepal. This brief outlines the findings and potential impacts of this research for strengthening flood preparedness and resilience for these

...

Practical Action Consulting, Published by Practical Action Consulting 2017

Improving understanding of flooding and resilience in the Terai, Nepal

Rivers sourced from the Himalaya irrigate the Indo-Gangetic Plain via major river networks that support approximately 10% of the global population and their livelihoods. However, many of these rivers are also the source of devastating floods. This brief captures the collaboration between an interdisciplinary team of geoscientists, engineers, social scientists and architects from the

...

Hugh, Sinclair; Brown, Sarah; Adhikari, Basanta; Attak, Mikael; Borthwick, Alistair; Budimir, Mirianna; Creed, Maggie; Dingle, Lizzie; Dugar, Sumit; Gautam, Dilip; Gourmelen, Noel; Mudd, Simon; Neupane, Sanchita; Pedreschi, Remo; Ruwanpura, Kanchana N; Sharma, Jeevan; Sn, Published by Practical Action Consulting 2017

Case study: Farmer field schools

As part of the Zurich Alliance, Practical Action is working to increase the resilience of communities to floods in Nepal, Bangladesh and Peru. These three case studies cover: 1. Farmer field schools - how simple technologies are reducing community vulnerability by providing food security and income generation; 2. Empowering communities - how Practical Action is building

...

Adele Murphy, 2017

Case study: Empowering communities

As part of the Zurich Alliance, Practical Action is working to increase the resilience of communities to floods in Nepal, Bangladesh and Peru. These three case studies cover: 1. Farmer field schools - how simple technologies are reducing community vulnerability by providing food security and income generation; 2. Empowering communities - how Practical Action is building

...

Adele Murphy, 2017

Case study: School brigades

As part of the Zurich Alliance, Practical Action is working to increase the resilience of communities to floods in Nepal, Bangladesh and Peru. These three case studies cover: 1. Farmer field schools - how simple technologies are reducing community vulnerability by providing food security and income generation; 2. Empowering communities - how Practical Action is building

...

Adele Murphy, 2017

Development and testing of a community flood resilience measurement tool

Given the increased attention on resilience strengthening in international humanitarian and development work, there is a growing need to invest in its measurement and the overall accountability of “resilience strengthening” initiatives. The purpose of this article is to present our framework and tool for measuring community-level resilience to flooding and generating empirical evidence and to...

Adriana Keating; Karen Campbell; Michael Szoenyi; Colin McQuistan; David Nash; Meinrad Burer, Published by Copernicus Publications 2017

Poster: From Vulnerability to Resilience (V2R)

This poster looks at aspects of a project set up by Practical Action in Bangladesh which aimed to enhance early warning systems for flooding.

Sunil Acharya, Published by Practical Action, Bangladesh 2017

Incorporating the local: bottom-up transformation of DRR

Through an analysis of EWS policies at the national, district and local levels in the UK, Peru, and Nepal, the report identifies common and distinct challenges to meeting the needs of the most vulnerable in “technology-rich” and “technology-poor” countries. The analysis offers an assessment of different approaches to understanding disaster risk and the extent to which these approaches inform,...

Jordan DeLorenzo; Mariana Gutiérrez; George Woodhams, 2017

Early Warning Systems through a gender lens

This report assesses the importance of gender analysis and programmatic planning in disaster risk reduction work at an institutional level, based on research in Nepal and Bangladesh.

Ipek Aybay, Published by Edinburgh University 2016

An analysis of the role of social capital in disaster risk management and climate change adaptation: Case in study peri-urban Peru and rural Nepal

While previous research on social capital and disaster risk management has tended to focus on urban and rural settings separately, this study uses a case study approach to compare how social capital shapes disaster response in peri-urban and rural settings, frequently affected by flooding. Social capital refers to social ties, norms, and networks that facilitate group or individual access to...

Alexandra Bellinda Kinywamaghana, Published by Vienna University 2017

Social Capital and Disaster Risk Reduction

This report explores how non-governmental organisations can responsibly engage with social capital to reduce disaster risk in societies that are vulnerable to natural hazards. Social capital is a complex and nuanced concept and DRR programmes seeking to engage with social capital should do so in a manner that empowers and enriches preexisting social infrastructure while proactively incorporating...

Lolwa Awad; Jodie Holton; Rebecca Roby, Published by LSE 2017

Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Executive Summary

Effective communication of climate change attribution information is critical to ensuring decision makers at all levels understand and are able to act upon such information. Presented here are the results from a 2017 study in Kenya and India, examining the most effective methods, phrases and tools for communicating climate change attribution information to high-level decision makers, the media,...

Mirianna Budimir; Sarah Brown, Published by Practical Action 2017

Flood resilience case studies

As part of the Zurich Alliance, Practical Action is working to increase the resilience of communities to floods in Nepal, Bangladesh and Peru. These three case studies cover: 1. Farmer field schools - how simple technologies are reducing community vulnerability by providing food security and income generation; 2. Empowering communities - how Practical Action is building capacity at local level...

Adele Murphy, 2017

Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to...

Mirianna Budimir; Sarah Brown, Published by Practical Action, United Kingdom 2017

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015-2030

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFA) recognises the increasing impact of disasters and their complexity in many parts of the world. The SFA sets out best practice for disaster reduction at local, national and global scales. This is a Nepali translation of the Sendai Framework for Action, alongside the original English text.

Practical Action South Asia, Published by Practical Action, Nepal 2015

 

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