Disaster Risk Reduction

Resources

Gender Transformative Early Warning Systems

Early warning systems build community resilience to disasters, with the potential to save lives and livelihoods. Women and marginalized gender groups face unique barriers in disasters, and EWS that do not explicitly consider gender are likely to increase marginalisation. This research extracts key findings and recommendations to ensure no one is left behind.

Brown, Sarah; Budimir, Mirianna; Sneddon, Alison; Lau, David; Shakya, Puja; Upadhyay Crawford, Sujana, Published by Practical Action Consulting 2019

Intermediate climate information systems for early warning systems

New communication technologies, free software and hardware to improve Early Warning Systems for floods and landslides, using a participatory approach in coordination with the authorities. That is to say, under an intermediate or appropriate technology approach. This document shows the pilot experience carried out by Practical Action in partnership with the population, the municipality of...

Aréstegui, Miguel, Published by Practical Action 2018

The role of riparian ecosystems in flood control

Riparian ecosystems are often exposed to degradation caused by deforestation and farming activities, which can increase the risk of flooding. However, there are techniques for recovering and promoting the development of these ecosystems to reduce the risk of flooding, in addition to “grey infrastructure”.

Zapata, Felix, Published by Practical Action, Latin America 2018

Nepal flood 2017: Wake up call for effective preparedness and response

Flooding is not new to the Terai districts of Nepal. Every year, the monsoon floods have caused significant damage and loss to human lives and livelihoods within these southern flood plains. Yet each time the rescue and relief operations seem slow and insufficient and the government comes under fire for not responding quickly enough. A critical review – that is, reflecting and building on...

Dinanath Bhandari; Prakash Khadka; Lok Narayan Pokharel; Buddhiram Kumal; Ghimire, Gopal; Uprety, Madhab, Published by Practical Action, South Asia 2018

Exploring opportunities for a transborder flood early warning system in Mahakali River between Nepal and India

This poster, presented at the 2018 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, gives details about the potential for a flood early warning system that spans the Nepal-India border. The Mahakali River is one of the major tributaries of the Ganga river, and flows across the Nepal-India border. Floods on these rivers affect millions of people, and a transboundary warning system has the...

Gurung, Gehendra, Published by Practical Action, South Asia 2018

Poster: Toward a reporting framework on technology’s contribution to social justice

Technology plays a key role in making flood early warning systems (EWS) effective; providing understandable, timely and actionable information to those most at risk. We developed a framework using social justice principles to analyse the access, use and innovation of technology for EWS. We extract information on these dimensions from the Key Global Agreements for a transboundary EWS case study...

Van De Homberg, Marc; McQuistan, Colin, Published by Practical Action, United Kingdom 2018

Presentation: Technological Evolution of Flood Early Warning System in Nepal

Presentation for the Technology for Development Conference 2018. This video presentation by Gopal Ghimire details Practical Action's experience in Nepal on flood early warning systems. Including an overview of flooding in Nepal and how early warning system technology has developed. It goes onto assess the effectiveness of these systems and present conclusions and recommendations for the future.

Ghimire, Gopal, 2018

Manual for Mock Flood Response Exercise with Early Warning System (Nepali)

This booklet (in Nepali language) gives guidelines about mock flood exercises for flood response based on early warning systems. These guidelines have been prepared based on the experience and learning of carrying out mock flood exercises in communities for almost a decade. Mock exercises enhance the capacity of communities and humanitarian actors alike, thereby reducing the loss of life and...

Practical Action, 2016

Manual for Mock Flood Response Exercise with Early Warning System (English)

This booklet (in English) gives guidelines about mock flood exercises for flood response based on early warning systems. These guidelines have been prepared based on the experience and learning of carrying out mock flood exercises in communities for almost a decade. Mock exercises enhance the capacity of communities and humanitarian actors alike, thereby reducing the loss of life and property...

Practical Action, 2018

Strengthening Livelihood Capacities to Disaster Risk Reduction: compilation of change studies

This book documents the lessons learned during the Livelihood Centred Approaches to Disaster Risk Reduction project in the Chitwan and Nawalparasi districts of Nepal. It describes the prevailing physical, institutional and socio-economic context, and details the activities and its interventions.

Practical Action, 2011

Participatory digital mapping: building community resilience in Nepal, Peru and Mexico

The Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance (ZFRA) has developed an approach that combines state-of-the-art collaborative digital mapping techniques with community-based participatory methods. The process engages a broad range of actors such as local volunteers, local government, and national and international non- governmental organizations (NGOs), with digital mapping experts to co-produce critical...

Liu, Wei; Sumit, Dugar; Gaurav, Thapa; Sarah, Brown, Published by Practical Action Consulting 2018

Improving Flood Early Warning Lead Time in Nepal

Flood early warning systems based on real-time monitoring of water levels leave communities with little time to respond to flood warnings. A new approach introduces probabilistic forecasting, providing information about the likelihood of flooding and resulting in an additional five hours of early warning. This increased lead time means that families gain crucial hours to get to safety and act to...

Brown, Sarah; Dugar, Sumit, Published by Practical Action, United Kingdom 2018

Dynamic Flood Topographies in the Terai, Nepal: Community Perceptions and Resilience (DISTAL)

Practical Action Consulting has been working with an interdisciplinary team from the University of Edinburgh, conducting innovative research to enhance understanding of the flood risk posed to communities in the Karnali river basin in Western Nepal. This brief outlines the findings and potential impacts of this research for strengthening flood preparedness and resilience for these communities...

Practical Action Consulting, Published by Practical Action Consulting 2017

Improving understanding of flooding and resilience in the Terai, Nepal

Rivers sourced from the Himalaya irrigate the Indo-Gangetic Plain via major river networks that support approximately 10% of the global population and their livelihoods. However, many of these rivers are also the source of devastating floods. This brief captures the collaboration between an interdisciplinary team of geoscientists, engineers, social scientists and architects from the University...

Hugh, Sinclair; Brown, Sarah; Adhikari, Basanta; Attak, Mikael; Borthwick, Alistair; Budimir, Mirianna; Creed, Maggie; Dingle, Lizzie; Dugar, Sumit; Gautam, Dilip; Gourmelen, Noel; Mudd, Simon; Neupane, Sanchita; Pedreschi, Remo; Ruwanpura, Kanchana N; Sharma, Jeevan; Sn, Published by Practical Action Consulting 2017

Case study: Farmer field schools

As part of the Zurich Alliance, Practical Action is working to increase the resilience of communities to floods in Nepal, Bangladesh and Peru. These three case studies cover: 1. Farmer field schools - how simple technologies are reducing community vulnerability by providing food security and income generation; 2. Empowering communities - how Practical Action is building capacity at local level...

Adele Murphy, 2017

Case study: Empowering communities

As part of the Zurich Alliance, Practical Action is working to increase the resilience of communities to floods in Nepal, Bangladesh and Peru. These three case studies cover: 1. Farmer field schools - how simple technologies are reducing community vulnerability by providing food security and income generation; 2. Empowering communities - how Practical Action is building capacity at local level...

Adele Murphy, 2017

Case study: School brigades

As part of the Zurich Alliance, Practical Action is working to increase the resilience of communities to floods in Nepal, Bangladesh and Peru. These three case studies cover: 1. Farmer field schools - how simple technologies are reducing community vulnerability by providing food security and income generation; 2. Empowering communities - how Practical Action is building capacity at local level...

Adele Murphy, 2017

Development and testing of a community flood resilience measurement tool

Given the increased attention on resilience strengthening in international humanitarian and development work, there is a growing need to invest in its measurement and the overall accountability of “resilience strengthening” initiatives. The purpose of this article is to present our framework and tool for measuring community-level resilience to flooding and generating empirical evidence and to...

Adriana Keating; Karen Campbell; Michael Szoenyi; Colin McQuistan; David Nash; Meinrad Burer, Published by Copernicus Publications 2017

Poster: From Vulnerability to Resilience (V2R)

This poster looks at aspects of a project set up by Practical Action in Bangladesh which aimed to enhance early warning systems for flooding.

Sunil Acharya, Published by Practical Action, Bangladesh 2017

Incorporating the local: bottom-up transformation of DRR

Through an analysis of EWS policies at the national, district and local levels in the UK, Peru, and Nepal, the report identifies common and distinct challenges to meeting the needs of the most vulnerable in “technology-rich” and “technology-poor” countries. The analysis offers an assessment of different approaches to understanding disaster risk and the extent to which these approaches inform,...

Jordan DeLorenzo; Mariana Gutiérrez; George Woodhams, 2017

 

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