An analysis of the role of social capital in disaster risk management and climate change adaptation: Case in study peri-urban Peru and rural Nepal

While previous research on social capital and disaster risk management has tended to focus on urban and rural settings separately, this study uses a case study approach to compare how social capital shapes disaster response in peri-urban and rural settings, frequently affected by flooding. Social capital refers to social ties, norms, and networks that facilitate group or individual access to resources. Social capital has a collective dimension, and its benefits are generally shared by members of a community. Communities with a high stock of social capital are better equipped to collectively and effectively respond to disasters. Various forms of social capital bonding, bridging and linking provide a comprehensive strategy for disaster response. Using qualitative key informant interviews and focus group discussions, the study examines ways in which communities utilise social capital to respond to disasters. Results indicate that vulnerable communities rely on their social networks to provide immediate support and aid the dissemination of risk information from Early Warning Systems. Participants also describe the process of social capital formation; it depended on the motivations and differing internal and external capacities of vulnerable communities. It was observed that policy could enhance social capital through institutions and leadership, education, community narratives, migration, and resettlement activities. This study concludes that social capital is relevant in both rural and peri-urban contexts and has a potential for improving disaster response and climate change adaptation strategies.

Related Documents

Stakeholder Analysis: Options Analysis For A Regional Climate Change Programme To Deliver More Effective Climate Services, Early Warning And Disaster Risk Reduction

Building on the findings of the Evidence Review, this report begins by providing a detailed mapping of users and their requirements for climate information and services across priority sectors (section 2.1), a description of priorities cited by...

Renewable Energy Enables Climate Change Adaptation for Smallholders

This policy brief supports Practical Action's 'Planting for Progress' campaign, which focusses on our work with smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. Despite providing a significant proportion of the world's food supply, smallholders are often the most...

Options Analysis for a Regional Climate Change Programme to Deliver More Effective Climate Services, Early Warning and Disaster Risk Reduction

This report provides an Options Analysis for a South Asia regional programme on climate services for risk reduction and economic growth. It is the fourth output of a scoping project, which has reviewed evidence on climate services, early warning...

Evidence Review: Options Analysis For A Regional Climate Change Programme To Deliver More Effective Climate Services, Early Warning And Disaster Risk Reduction

This report provides a literature review of the current state of climate services in South Asia, user needs, and current and future capacity to produce and deliver timely, accurate and relevant climate information and services. The evidence review...

Social Capital and Disaster Risk Reduction

This report explores how non-governmental organisations can responsibly engage with social capital to reduce disaster risk in societies that are vulnerable to natural hazards. Social capital is a complex and nuanced concept and DRR programmes...

Improving understanding of flooding and resilience in the Terai, Nepal

Rivers sourced from the Himalaya irrigate the Indo-Gangetic Plain via major river networks that support approximately 10% of the global population and their livelihoods. However, many of these rivers are also the source of devastating floods. This...

 

Practical Action Publishing

Practical Action Publishing logo

Discover more publications, journals, books and digital collections by
Practical Action Publishing, the specialist development publishers.

To obtain permission to reuse or reproduce any of this material, please
contact Practical Action Publishing

Collections

Practical Answers

Check out Practical Action's technical information service for toolkits, technology design briefs and much more

Visit

Your gift makes a real difference

With a regular or single gift, you can support our work with poor people in developing countries.

We use cookies to provide a consistent user experience and analyse how to improve our sites Our cookie policy