Integrated Solid Waste Management: Decentralised service delivery case study of Nakuru municipality, Kenya

Effective Solid Waste Management (SWM) in Kenya is a major challenge facing responsible Local Authorities (LAs) across the country. The challenge is more serious in urban centres, where solid waste generation rate outstrips the ability of LAs to manage the same effectively. In Nakuru town, the fourth largest urban centre in Kenya, daily solid waste generation is approximated at 250 tonnes. Before changes were introduced in 2006, the average daily collection rate was less than 30%. To resolve this challenge on domestic solid waste handling, the Municipal Council of Nakuru (MCN) enacted 2006 Nakuru Environmental Management by-laws that paved the way for decentralized service delivery of domestic solid waste management. This article outlines the legal changes that were made, and the opportunities it has opened for both cleaning up the town and generating incomes for small private waste entrepreneurs and community-based groups. It includes a case study of a successful community-based waste enterprise. It ends by highlighting some of the remaining challenges.

Related Documents

Public Private Partnerships in Decentralised Sanitation Waste Management in Nakuru, Kenya

A presentation on facilitating pro-poor public-private partnerships for sustainable sanitation waste management in Nakuru, Nakuru County,...

Decentralised and inclusive waste management policy and practices: lessons for the South Asia region

The challenge of waste management is too large to be tackled by either the Local Authorities, or the formal private sector, or the informal sector alone. Partnerships are needed, and we must make more use of decentralised, cost-effective solutions...

Achieving Open Defecation Free Gulariya Municipality: Experiences from a Project of Practical Action and Enpho in Bardiya District, Nepal

This document sets out the steps, process and experiences from a two year, UK Department for International Development funded project, managed by Practical Action, and implemented in partnership with Environmental and Public Health Organisation...

PRISM: Poverty Reduction of Informal Workers in Solid Waste Management Sector: Final Narrative Report

This document reports the overall performance and achievement made by the PRISM project. The project was implemented with the objective to enhance social protection of the informal workers and vulnerable groups dependent on solid waste for their...


Practical Action Publishing

Practical Action Publishing logo

Discover more publications, journals, books and digital collections by
Practical Action Publishing, the specialist development publishers.

To obtain permission to reuse or reproduce any of this material, please
contact Practical Action Publishing


Practical Answers

Check out Practical Action's technical information service for toolkits, technology design briefs and much more


Your gift makes a real difference

With a regular or single gift, you can support our work with poor people in developing countries.

We use cookies to provide a consistent user experience and analyse how to improve our sites Our cookie policy