Sanitation in community-led slum upgrading: challenges for scaling up

Sanitation is often among the priority problems that slum dwellers identify through participatory planning methodologies. There are actions that communities themselves can take to address this, but NGOs like Practical Action can support them in terms of choice of technology, models for community management, and access to financing (including from the Local Authorities). From 2006-2009 we worked with 24 slum communities (21,500 people) across 4 towns in Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka, with sanitation being a focus of interventions in 2 of these towns. Our interventions proved sustainable, but relatively limited in scope. We are now working on scaling up those achievements to cover 6 towns and 78 slum communities. This paper highlights the methods we adopted, the achievements of the first phase of our work and the challenges in scaling up for city-wide impacts benefiting all the slum dwellers in the city.

Related Documents

Lessons in Urban Community Led Total Sanitation from Nakuru, Kenya

Community led total sanitation (CLTS) is an innovative methodology for mobilising communities to eliminate open defecation. Practical Action and Umande Trust implemented the project 'Realising the Right to Total Sanitation' in Nakuru, Kenya adapting...

Lessons Learned in Urban Community Led Total Sanitation from Nakuru, Kenya

A presentation for the 38th WEDC Conference on key lessons from Practical Action's Urban CLTS work in Nakuru with the Umanda Trust. It explains how engagement with multiple stakeholders, particularly landlords, is vitally important for...

Mainstreaming the use of climate data by smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe: Monitoring and Evaluation Challenges

A poster produced for the CBA9 conference which illustrates our community based climate change and adaptation work in...


A poster presented by Practical Action Zimbabwe at the CBA9 conference in Nairobi, Kenya, 2015, on institutionalising Community-based Adaptation (CBA) by training of...

Smoke-free Nepal: Challenges and opportunities

Traditional cooking fires are still used in more than half the households in Nepal. But they are a silent killer, with their smoky fumes responsible for the deaths of nearly 23,000 people every year. The Government of Nepal was one of the first to...


Practical Action Publishing

Practical Action Publishing logo

Discover more publications, journals, books and digital collections by
Practical Action Publishing, the specialist development publishers.

To obtain permission to reuse or reproduce any of this material, please
contact Practical Action Publishing


Practical Answers

Check out Practical Action's technical information service for toolkits, technology design briefs and much more


Your gift makes a real difference

With a regular or single gift, you can support our work with poor people in developing countries.

We use cookies to provide a consistent user experience and analyse how to improve our sites Our cookie policy